TraceEnable: This directive overrides the behavior of TRACE for both the core server and mod_proxy. The default TraceEnable on permits TRACE requests per RFC 2616, which disallows any request body to accompany the request. TraceEnable off causes the core server and mod_proxy to return a 405 (Method not allowed) error to the client.
SSLProtocol and SSLCipherSuite: Directive allowing to control which ciphers and protocols are used. In this example, the server is configured to use only strong encryption.
ServerSignature: For instance, whenever Apache web server returns error pages (e.g., 404 not found, 403 access forbidden pages) or listing directory, it shows web server signature (e.g., Apache version number and operating system info) at the bottom of the pages. This directive allows turning off these web server signatures.
ServerTokens Prod: This directive controls the response which server sends to include the server details, OS and other complied modules.
LoadModule reqtimeout_module modules/mod_reqtimeout.so: mod_reqtimeout limits the time waiting on the client to prevent an attacker from causing a denial of service by opening many connections but not sending requests. This file tries to give a sensible default configuration, but it may be necessary to tune the timeout values to the actual situation. Note that it is also possible to configure mod_reqtimeout per virtual host.
RequestReadTimeout header=20-40,minrate=500: Wait max 20 seconds for the first byte of the request line+headers. From then, require a minimum data rate of 500 bytes/s, but do not wait longer than 40 seconds in total.
RequestReadTimeout header=20-40,minrate=500: Wait max 10 seconds for the first byte of the request body (if any). From then, require a minimum data rate of 500 bytes/s.
<IfModule prefork.c> …</IfModule>:
- StartServers: number of server processes to start
- MinSpareServers: minimum number of server processes which are kept spare
- MaxSpareServers: maximum number of server processes which are kept spare
- ServerLimit: maximum value for MaxClients for the lifetime of the server
- MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start
- MaxRequests: maximum number of requests a server process serves